The objective of this project is the modelling of a joint state classification that enables an assessment of interdependent multi-modal energy systems in terms of its (security-critical) functionalities. It will allow the identification and analysis of outages as well as failures (cascades) across multiple (multi-modal) domains of a system - i.e. electric, ICT, heat, gas. In this project the applicants will investigate this for the domains of first electric power systems with interconnections to gas and heat systems, and second ICT-systems including supervisory control and data acquisition and related communication. The first step of the project is to analyse blackouts regarding their interdependency of power and ICT-system. In a second step, classic system state classification in power systems (normal/N-1, alert, emergency, black out) will be detailed considering interconnections and interdependencies to other multi-modal energy systems. Outages and failures of primary equipment are the driving factors for state changes here. The interconnections to multi-modal energy systems will be considered and structured as outages. Especially common mode failures have to be investigated. Along these lines, system state classification will be done for the ICT-system considering the supervision, control and protection functions of power systems. This view focuses on the secondary equipment including control centres, but as well the future ICT on lower voltage levels below the transmission level. The next step combines both the extended power system state description and the ICT-state description into a integrated system state model. A formalized description of this model and the structure of the states and the criteria for the transition between them will be developed. Criteria for restoration paths will be specified along this framework. In the last step a risk analysis for the different states and the likelihood of their occurrence will be done. With such analysis planning, operation planning and operation criteria for ICT-reliant multi-modal energy systems are specified.
- Project duration: 03/2018 - 02/2021
- Funded by the DFG within the priority program SPP 1984: Hybrid and Multimodal Energy Systems: System Theoretical Methods for the Transformation and Operation of Complex Networks
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Location & approach
The campus of TU Dortmund University is located close to interstate junction Dortmund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dortmund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is "Dortmund-Eichlinghofen" (closer to Campus Süd), and from B 1 / A 40 "Dortmund-Dorstfeld" (closer to Campus Nord). Signs for the university are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dortmund.
To get from Campus Nord to Campus Süd by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at Campus Nord and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.
TU Dortmund University has its own train station ("Dortmund Universität"). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dortmund main station ("Dortmund Hauptbahnhof") and Düsseldorf main station via the "Düsseldorf Airport Train Station" (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 20 or 30 minutes). The university is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.
You can also take the bus or subway train from Dortmund city to the university: From Dortmund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station "Stadtgarten", usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At "Stadtgarten" you switch trains and get on line U42 towards "Hombruch". Look out for the Station "An der Palmweide". From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dortmund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dortmund main station to the stop "Dortmund Kampstraße". From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop "Dortmund Wittener Straße". Switch to bus line 447 and get off at "Dortmund Universität S".
The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dortmund Airport (DTM) to Dortmund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dortmund Central Station, you can continue to the university campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of international flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the university station.
The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dortmund University. There are two stations on Campus Nord. One ("Dortmund Universität S") is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the university directly with the city of Dortmund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the "Technologiepark" and (via Campus Süd) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at Campus Nord and offers a direct connection to Campus Süd every five minutes.