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Research Coordinator

Dr.-Ing. Rajkumar Palaniappan

Work Details

  • Distribution grid automation
  • Controller and Power Hardware-in-the-Loop simulations
  • i-Autonomous - Standardisierung und Integration modular-automer Automatisierungskomponenten in neuartige, intelligente Ortsnetzstationen
  • i-Automate - Modular konfigurier- und prüfbare Automatisierungsarchitektur für zukünftige aktive elektrische Energienetze
  • EOSG - Energieflussoptimierung im Smart Grid mittels intelligenter Netzkomponenten
  • Support of lecture „Betrieb und Aufbau von Netzen (BAN)“ in winter semester 2016 and 2017

  • Support of lecture „Dezentrale und regenerative Energieversorgung (DEV)“ in summer semester 2018

  • Support of lecture „Smart Grids (SG)“ in summer semester 2019, 2020 and 2021


R. Palaniappan, J-N. Ceschlaw, S. Karagiannopoulos and C. Rehtanz: Implementation of Machine Learning-based DER Local Control Schemes on Measurement Devices for Counteracting Communication Failures, 11th IREP Bulk Power Systems Dynamics and Control, Banff, Canada, 2022, DOI: 

R. Palaniappan, et al.,: Experimental Verification of Smart Grid Functions on Real-World Grids using a Real-time simulator, IET-Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Volume 16, Issue 13,  July 2022, p. 2747 – 2760, DOI:

S. Raczka, et al.,: A novel Software Applications Rollout and Monitoring Strategy for Enabling the Transition to Electromobility in future Smart Grids, CIRED Workshop 2022, Lisbon, Portugal, June 2022



R. Palaniappan, O. Molodchyk and C. Rehtanz: A Hierarchical Optimal Power Flow Method for Smart Grids with Field Measurements, CIRED 26th International Conference & Exhibition on Electricity Distribution, 2021

R. Palaniappan, S. Raczka, B. Bauernschmitt, D. Hilbrich and C. Rehtanz: i-Autonomous: Standardization and integration of modular and autonomous components in intelligent local substations, Poster presentation, IEEE Power and Energy Society General Meeting, USA, 2021



R. Palaniappan, B. Bauernschmitt, D. Hilbrich, C. Rehtanz: An Intelligent Measurement and Control Device for Active Distribution Grids, ISGT Europe 2020, Hague, Netherlands, October 2020

R. Palaniappan, O. Molodchyk and C. Rehtanz: Hardware Implementation of an OPF Algorithm in a Distribution Network with Decentralized Measurements, CIRED Open Access Journal, vol. 2020, no. 1, pp. 580 – 583, DOI:

R. Palaniappan, M.S. Irshad, C. Rehtanz: Determination of Optimal Flexibility Potential for an Electrical Distribution Network, 16th Energy Innovation Symposium (EnInnov 2020), TU Graz, Österreich, Feb 2020



J-N. Ceschlaw, R. Palaniappan, B. Bauernschmitt, A. Brüggemann, C. Rehtanz: Application of a Dynamic State Estimation Method for a Real-time Simulated Distribution System, Power and Energy Student Summit 2019, Magdeburg, July 2019

J. Valesquez, et al.,: Flexible and Reconfigurable Automation Architecture for Electrical Power Systems, IEEE POWERTECH 2019, Milan, Italy, June 2019, DOI:

R. Palaniappan, A. Funke, D. Hilbrich, B. Bauernschmitt, C. Rehtanz: A robust and resilient voltage control strategy for smart grids using distributed measurements, IEEE Innovative Smart Grid Technologies - ASIA 2019, Chengdu, China, May 2019, DOI:

R. Palaniappan, B. Bauernschmitt, D. Hilbrich, C. Rehtanz: Co-ordinated voltage regulation using distributed measurement acquisition devices with a real-time model of the Cigré low-voltage benchmark grid, IET Generation, Transmission and Distribution, Volume 13, Issue 5, 12 March 2019, p. 710 – 716, DOI:



B. Bauernschmitt, R. Palaniappan, D. Hilbrich, C. Rehtanz: Modular Configurable and Testable Automation Architecture for future Active Electrical Energy Grids, 53rd International Universities Power Engineering Conference, Glasgow, Scotland, September 2018, DOI:

B. Bauernschmitt, R. Palaniappan, D. Hilbrich, B. M. Keune, C. RehtanzModular konfigurier- und prüfbare Automatisierungsarchitektur für zukünftige aktive elektrische Energienetze, Posterbeitrag, 10. ETG-/FNN-Tutorial Schutz- und Leittechnik, Berlin, February 2018

D. Hilbrich, B. M. Keune, B. Bauernschmitt, R. Palaniappan, C. Rehtanz: Hardware-in-the-Loop-Prüfung von kombinierten Schutz- und Leittechnikfunktionen für zukünftige aktive Verteilnetze, Posterbeitrag, 10. ETG-/FNN-Tutorial Schutz- und Leittechnik, Berlin, February 2018



M. Albrecht, W. Horenkamp, R. Palaniappan, D. Hilbrich, B. Bauernschmitt, B. Keune, C. Rehtanz: Decentralized Frequency Stabilization in grids with a High Share of Renewable Energies, ETG Congress 2018, Bonn, Germany, November 2017

A. Spina, R. Palaniappan, D. Hilbrich, U. Häger, C. Rehtanz: Comparison between CHIL simulation and hardware test of a Dynamic Power Flow Controller, IEEE POWERTECH 2017, Manchester, United Kingdom, July 2017, DOI:



R. Palaniappan, F. Richter, B. Bauernschmitt, D. Hilbrich, C. Rehtanz: Implementation and validation of Decentralized Smart Grid Functions using Distributed measurement acquisition devices, 6th IEEE Conference on Power Systems, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India, March 2016, DOI:

R. Palaniappan, F. Richter, B. Bauernschmitt, D. Hilbrich: Implementation of Decentralized Smart Grid Functions using Distributed measurement acquisition devices, Power and Energy Student Summit, RWTH Aachen, Germany, January 2016

Master Theses


S. Zafar, Investigation of smart grid control sensitivities to ICT performance validated by hardware-in-the-loop simulations, laufend 2020 – gemeinsam mit Marcel Klaes

J-N. Ceschlaw, Development of a decentralised control scheme using machine learning algorithms on a measurement device, 2020

C. Shen, Validation of an automation system in the smart grid technology lab using power hardware-in-the-loop simulations, 2020 – gemeinsam mit Alfio Spina

S. Shagufta - Implementation of a model predictive control algorithm on a power quality measurement device and validating it using the real-time simulator, 2020 - gemeinsam mit Sebastian Raczka

M. Sarcheschmeh, Analysis of different distribution networks and validation of a voltage regulation algorithm using distributed measurements on a real-time simulator, 2020

M. Irshad, Determination of optimal flexibility potential considering multiple use cases of a distribution electrical energy network, 2019

S. Tafseer, Development of a methodology to determine the effects of measurement errors on the system state vector, 2018 - gemeinsam mit Florian Rewald

S. Zaidi, Implementation and validation of an algorithm for co-ordinated execution of protection and smart grid functions using a real-time simulator, 2018 - gemeinsam mit Björn Bauernschmitt

S. Sohaib, Extension of a configurator for the automatic configuration of automation systems based on data models according to IEC 61850-6, 2018 - gemeinsam mit Björn Bauernschmitt

A. Llumigusin,  Validation of smart grid functions of an automation system using an analogue grid model, 2018 - gemeinsam mit Björn Bauernschmitt

M. BahakimImplementierung und Validierung eines intelligenten Lernalgorithmus zur Spannungsregelung im elektrischen Energieversorgungsnetz, 2018 - gemeinsam mit Dominik Hilbrich

A.Spina, Real-Time Implementation of a Dynamic Power Flow Controller and Hardware-in-the-loop Testing, 2016 - gemeinsam mit Dominik Hilbrich

Bachelor Theses

O. Molodchyk, Implementation of a hierarchical OPF algorithm on a measurement device and validating it using a real-time simulator, 2020 – gemeinsam mit Sebastian Raczka

J-N.Ceschlaw,  Implementierung und Validierung eines State-Estimation Algorithmus für den Echtzeitsimulator, 2017 - gemeinsam mit Annika Brüggemann und Björn Bauernschmitt

A.FunkeEnhancement and validation of a voltage regulation algorithm for measurement devices with a Hardware-in-the-Loop Simulator, 2017 -  gemeinsam mit Björn Bauernschmitt


Project Groups

i-Automate - Modular configurable and testable automation architecture for future active electrical power networks - laufend, Wintersemester 2019

Testbed for ICT-Based Smart Grid Applications, Wintersemester 2016



Die globalen Entwicklungen der elektrischen Energienetze durch den Einsatz verschiedener Technologien von Erneuerbaren Energien, Sommersemester 2019

Voltage Regulation in Distribution Grids, Sommersemester 2017

Available Theses Topics

Location & approach

The campus of TU Dort­mund University is located close to interstate junction Dort­mund West, where the Sauerlandlinie A 45 (Frankfurt-Dort­mund) crosses the Ruhrschnellweg B 1 / A 40. The best interstate exit to take from A 45 is "Dort­mund-Eichlinghofen" (closer to Campus Süd), and from B 1 / A 40 "Dort­mund-Dorstfeld" (closer to Campus Nord). Signs for the uni­ver­si­ty are located at both exits. Also, there is a new exit before you pass over the B 1-bridge leading into Dort­mund.

To get from Campus Nord to Campus Süd by car, there is the connection via Vogelpothsweg/Baroper Straße. We recommend you leave your car on one of the parking lots at Campus Nord and use the H-Bahn (suspended monorail system), which conveniently connects the two campuses.

TU Dort­mund University has its own train station ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät"). From there, suburban trains (S-Bahn) leave for Dort­mund main station ("Dort­mund Hauptbahnhof") and Düsseldorf main station via the "Düsseldorf Airport Train Station" (take S-Bahn number 1, which leaves every 20 or 30 minutes). The uni­ver­si­ty is easily reached from Bochum, Essen, Mülheim an der Ruhr and Duisburg.

You can also take the bus or subway train from Dort­mund city to the uni­ver­si­ty: From Dort­mund main station, you can take any train bound for the Station "Stadtgarten", usually lines U41, U45, U 47 and U49. At "Stadtgarten" you switch trains and get on line U42 towards "Hombruch". Look out for the Station "An der Palmweide". From the bus stop just across the road, busses bound for TU Dort­mund University leave every ten minutes (445, 447 and 462). Another option is to take the subway routes U41, U45, U47 and U49 from Dort­mund main station to the stop "Dort­mund Kampstraße". From there, take U43 or U44 to the stop "Dort­mund Wittener Straße". Switch to bus line 447 and get off at "Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S".

The AirportExpress is a fast and convenient means of transport from Dort­mund Airport (DTM) to Dort­mund Central Station, taking you there in little more than 20 minutes. From Dort­mund Central Station, you can continue to the uni­ver­si­ty campus by interurban railway (S-Bahn). A larger range of in­ter­na­tio­nal flight connections is offered at Düsseldorf Airport (DUS), which is about 60 kilometres away and can be directly reached by S-Bahn from the uni­ver­si­ty station.

The H-Bahn is one of the hallmarks of TU Dort­mund University. There are two stations on Campus Nord. One ("Dort­mund Uni­ver­si­tät S") is directly located at the suburban train stop, which connects the uni­ver­si­ty directly with the city of Dort­mund and the rest of the Ruhr Area. Also from this station, there are connections to the "Technologiepark" and (via Campus Süd) Eichlinghofen. The other station is located at the dining hall at Campus Nord and offers a direct connection to Campus Süd every five minutes.

The facilities of TU Dort­mund University are spread over two campuses, the larger Campus North and the smaller Campus South. Additionally, some areas of the uni­ver­si­ty are located in the adjacent "Technologiepark".

Site Map of TU Dort­mund University (Second Page in English)