In order to realize the European climate protection targets, a massive reduction in greenhouse gas emissions is required in all sectors of the energy system. Thereby, the increasing use of electric vehicles (EV) offers high potentials for the decarbonization of the transport sector. Under current conditions, the mass deployment of EV would, however, lead to significant increases in the peak load of the power system and could therefore not be technically feasible at all, or only through extensive grid expansion. Within the DriVe2X project, exactly these issues are addressed and new solutions, models and technologies are developed to enable a V2X-based mass EV deployment in the future. To avoid overextended grid reinforcements, AI-based approaches are being developed which are able to capture the flexibility potential within smart charging processes and utilize it in a grid-serving manner to relieve the distribution grids locally. Additionally, dynamic marketplaces for the local trade of V2X flexibility will be examined for this purpose. In order to improve the usage of V2X in the future, novel types of charging stations are also being developed in the DriVe2X project. These are characterized, among other properties, by their low cost, enable bidirectional charging, and will be tested in five demonstrators under various use cases. Furthermore, the behavioral uncertainties related to V2X applications will be investigated and policy tools will be developed to support decision makers regarding V2X roll-out in European smart cities. To ensure that the findings are also applicable in practice, social determinants are extensively studied and included in the development of novel V2X solutions, technologies and tools.
- Project duration: 01/2023 - 12/2026